Perl 6
Implementations: Revision 9

Perl 6 has several compilers and interpreters, and none is called "official Perl 6". Larry Wall has explained that anything that passes the test suite, is Perl 6. So far only partial implementations have been made, as listed below. With their feedback, the Synopses that form the language specification are evolving, and so is the test suite.

  • Rakudo is currently the most feature rich and the most actively developed implementation. It runs on Parrot, a virtual machine for many dynamic languages.
  • Pugs was the leading implementation from 2005 until about 2007. It runs on Haskell, a language for functional programming.
  • is "the" canonical Perl 6 grammar, written in a subset of Perl 6. Unfortunately no implementation can fully parse yet, let alone build a compiler or interpreter based on it. However, by means of the "viv" tool described next, Perl 6 source code can be parsed by a near equivalent running in Perl 5.
  • viv is a derivation of for testing and bootstrapping purposes. A utility called "gimme5" creates viv by translating into Perl 5. This is possible because Larry very carefully wrote in a translatable subset of Perl 6.
  • Mildew is a Perl 5 based compiler that embeds viv, and can emit code for several runtime engines, including JavaScript and SMOP.
  • SMOP is Simple Meta Object Protocol, a design for a C based interpreter to execute
  • Sprixel started out as a runtime using Google's V8 JavaScript engine

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